Why are there so many programming languages?

It was in the 1940s that the world’s first programming language named Plankalkül was developed. The first commercially launched programming language was FORTRAN (FORMula TRANslation) in 1956. Since then a number of new programming languages ​​have emerged. The list is quite long and includes the most common programming languages ​​like Cobol, C, C ++, C #, Java, JavaScript, HTML and CSS, Python, Ruby, Perl, Go, etc.

Sometimes you wonder why there are so many programming languages. Why can’t there be just one or fewer programming languages? What is the need to have multiple programming languages? To answer such questions, here are some important things we need to know about programming languages.

Evolution of technology – Technology has evolved at a rapid pace over the past decades. And this trend will only accelerate in the future. New technologies are constantly being developed, on the basis of which new products and services are launched. This has led to the emergence of several dozen programming languages. While it is theoretically possible to use an old programming language for new technology, a new programming language developed especially for specific projects can work much better.

Variety of IT projects – Different programming languages ​​respond to different types of projects. For example, C # is most often used for game development, mobile and desktop applications, and virtual reality (VR). In the case of JavaScript, it is used for mobile apps, web development, game development, and web servers. HTML and CSS are most often associated with website development. Python is primarily used for data science, back-end development, and application development. Perl is intended for GUI development, system administration, and network programming. Likewise, other programming languages ​​have a specific purpose to fulfill.

Cost and time – Theoretically, you can use any programming language for any computer task. The only thing is that some programming languages ​​are better equipped to handle a specific project. By analogy, consider the possibility of traveling from the east coast to the west coast. You can also do this by bicycle, but a better way to do it will be by using a plane or a car. The same goes for programming languages. It is the variable nature of computer tasks that prompted researchers to come up with different programming languages.

Developer preference – Developers have a preference for certain programming languages, depending on what they find to be easier to learn, understand and perform. This is also the reason that probably motivated innovators and researchers to come up with new programming languages.

The search for new programming languages ​​will likely be a never-ending process. New technologies and the need to do things faster, more accurately, reliably, and cost effectively will continue to create space for new programming languages.

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